Cities of south korea
The largest cities of South Korea have self-governing status equivalent to that of provinces. Seoul, the largest city and capital, is classified as a teukbyeolsi (Special City), while the next 6 largest cities (see the list below) are classified as gwangyeoksi (Metropolitan Cities; see Special cities of Korea). Smaller cities are classified as si ("cities") and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see Administrative divisions of South Korea).
Self-governing cities with the status of provinces
|Romanization||Hangul||Hanja||Year of Split||Province split from|
|Seoul Teukbyeolsi||서울 특별시||See note below||December, 1067||Yangju (then Namgyeong)|
|Busan Gwangyeoksi||부산 광역시||釜山廣域市||January 1, 1963||S. Gyeongsang|
|Daegu Gwangyeoksi||대구 광역시||大邱廣域市||July 1, 1981||N. Gyeongsang|
|Incheon Gwangyeoksi||인천 광역시||仁川廣域市||July 1, 1981||Gyeonggi|
|Gwangju Gwangyeoksi||광주 광역시||光州廣域市||November 1, 1986||S. Jeolla|
|Daejeon Gwangyeoksi||대전 광역시||大田廣域市||January 1, 1989||S. Chungcheong|
|Ulsan Gwangyeoksi||울산 광역시||蔚山廣域市||July 15, 1997||S. Gyeongsang|
- The name "Seoul" does not originate from hanja. In China, it is written as 首爾/首尔, which is a transcription based on the pronunciation of "Seoul". As a suffix, the character gyeong (京) is used, which means "capital".
- Seoul was designated a "Special Free City" (Teukbyeol Jayusi; 특별 자유시; 特別自由市) separate from Gyeonggi Province on August 15, 1946; it became a "Special City" on August 15, 1949.
- All of the above cities except Ulsan have metro (subway) systems either in operation or under construction.
Provincial Cities of Gyeonggi-do
Other Provincial Cities
Most populous South Korean cities
|1||서울||Seoul||10,421,781 (2007)||Located along the Han River, Seoul is South Korea's economic powerhouse, capital, and largest city. It is governed as a Special City.|
|2||부산||Busan||3,635,389 (2006)||South Korea's second largest city and busiest seaport, Busan is considered a Metropolitan City.|
|3||대구||Daegu||2,752,570 (2005)||Daegu is a Metropolitan City and the Capital of the Gyeongsangbuk-do province.|
|4||인천||Incheon||2,628,000 (2005)||Incheon is a Metropolitan City and the second largest seaport in South Korea.|
|5||대전||Daejeon||1,442,856 (2005)||Daejeon is a Metropolitan City and the Capital of the Chungcheongnam-do province.|
|6||광주||Gwangju||1,425,953 (2006)||Gwangju is a Metropolitan City and the site of a political massacre in Korean History.|
|7||울산||Ulsan||1,087,958 (2004)||Ulsan is a metropolitan city known for its industrial district.|
|8||수원||Suwon||1,086,904 (2008)||Suwon is the capital of Gyeonggi-do province and home to Hwaseong Fortress. It is to the South of Seoul.|
|9||고양||Goyang||1,073,069||Goyang is a suburban city located in Gyeonggi-do north of Seoul, and in it is Ilsan|
|10||성남||Seongnam||1,023,009||Seongnam is a suburban city in Gyeonggi-do. The prosperous district of Bundang is located here and is connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway.|
Adapted from the Wikipedia articles on South Korea from http://www.wikipedia.org/ used under the GNU Free Documentation License along with photos from Wikimedia commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page