Pyeongtaek is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Located in the southwestern part of the province, Pyeongtaek was originally founded as a union of two districts in 940 AD, during the Goryeo dynasty. It was elevated to city status in 1986, and is home to a South Korean naval base and a large concentration of United States troops. The Korean government plans to transform Pyeongtaek city to an international economic hub to coincide with the move of the United States Forces Korea (USFK) to Pyeongtaek.
The United States and South Korea Government came to an agreement to enlarge Camp Humphreys, a US Army installation located near Pyeongtaek, and move the majority of US forces stationed in Seoul and North of Seoul to the Camp Humphreys area. Invoking eminent domain, the government obtained the surrounding land for the base expansion.
The move originally included the headquarters of the Combined Forces Command, which has operational control of ROK (Republic of Korea), US, and UN combined forces during wartime. In March 2007, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates and ROK Minister of Defense Kim Jang-soo agreed to dissolve the ROK-US Combined Forces Command on April 17, 2012. This would allow ROK forces to have wartime control of its military during a military confrontation with the North. The US/ROK agreement allows USFK to move to one centralized location away from the congestion of Seoul and its surrounding areas. This relocation agreement results in returning two-thirds of the land currently used by the United States Military back to the Korean government. By 2008, the US Military will have consolidated 41 installations down to just 10 due to the relocation agreement.
As planned, Yongsan Garrison, located in Seoul, and the Second Infantry Division will be moved to the same area by 2008. The South Korean government's handling of the surrounding land has led to conflict with local farmers in Daechu-ri, Paengseong-eup due to the planned expansion of Camp Humphreys.
Osan Air Base is located in Songtan, a district in Pyeongtaek City.
- ^ U.S. Move Is Spurring Evictions In S. Korea (Washington Post article)
- ^ Massive Force Mobilized to Evict U.S. Base Protestors (Chosun Ilbo article (English))
- ^ Activists Are Only Using the People of Pyeontaek (Chosun Ilbo English Editorial) article
- ^ More Violence Looms in Planned Rally at U.S. Base Site
- ^ U.S. base expansion in Korea sparks protests (Socialism and Liberation) article
everything beyond the first paragraph is a news story, and though it is good information, and I am glad to learn about it, it is not telling a lot of info about modern day Pyeontaek
Coordinates: 37°05′N 126°46′E / 37.083, 126.767