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—  Metropolitan City  —
Ulsan Metropolitan City
 - Hangul 울산 광역시
 - Hanja 蔚山廣域市
 - Revised Romanization Ulsan-gwangyeoksi
 - McCune-Reischauer Ulsan-kwangyŏksi
Region Yeongnam
Districts 4
 - Mayor Bak Maeng-woo
 - Total 1,056.4 km2 (407.9 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 1,087,958
 - Density 1,030/km2 (2,667.7/sq mi)
 - Dialect Gyeongsang
Flower Pear flower
Tree Ginkgo
Bird White heron
Website: ulsan.go.kr (English)

Ulsan is a metropolitan city in the south-east of South Korea, facing the East Sea. It is located 70km north of Busan. It is South Korea's industrial powerhouse and the second richest city in East Asia after Tokyo with a GDP per capita of over $44,500.[1]

The city forms the heart of the country's industrial area called the Ulsan Industrial District. The city hosts the K-League football club Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i (Ulsan Hyundai Tigers), who, after the World Cup of 2002, relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu, which is now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium, which hosted several matches in the World Cup. The city is home to another soccer team, Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, which plays in the National League. Ulsan is also home to the University of Ulsan.


Administrative divisions

See also: Administrative divisions of South Korea

Ulsan is divided into 4 gu (districts) and 1 gun (county).


As the center of the Ulsan Industrial District, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan operated as a fishing port and market centre. As part of South Korea's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan became an open port. Additionally, major industrial plants and factories were developed, including in particular an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production and heavy industries. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin became part of the city in 1962.


Ulsan is currently the home of Hyundai Heavy Industries, the world's largest shipyard; the world's largest automobile assembly plant, owned by Hyundai Motors; and the world's second largest oil refinery, operated by SK Group.

The city was a major centre of Korean whaling, which led to its selection as the site of the June 2005 International Whaling Commission meeting.


The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line and the public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a particular ETA at most bus stops.[2] Ulsan Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul's Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport.


Ulsan has a humid subtropical climate. Ulsan's average rainfall (based on an average of the last 30 years) is 1274mm.[3] The average annual temperature is 13.8°C[4], while the maximum and minimum temperatures are 38.6°C and -16.7°C respectively.


See also

External links

Coordinates: 35°33′N 129°19′E / 35.55, 129.317

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